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At the same time, another 17 al-Qaeda members were sentenced to penalties of between six and eleven years.
Also, in 2006, Moussaoui, who some originally suspected might have been the assigned 20th hijacker, was convicted for the lesser role of conspiracy to commit acts of terrorism and air piracy.
Two particularly important publications were bin Laden's 2002 "Letter to America", In 1996, bin Laden issued a fatwā calling for American troops to leave Saudi Arabia.
In 1998, al-Qaeda wrote, "for over seven years the United States has been occupying the lands of Islam in the holiest of places, the Arabian Peninsula, plundering its riches, dictating to its rulers, humiliating its people, terrorizing its neighbors, and turning its bases in the Peninsula into a spearhead through which to fight the neighboring Muslim peoples." The fatwā declared that "the ruling to kill the Americans and their allies – civilians and military – is an individual duty for every Muslim who can do it in any country in which it is possible to do it, in order to liberate the al-Aqsa Mosque and the holy mosque of Mecca from their grip, and in order for their [the Americans'] armies to move out of all the lands of Islam, defeated and unable to threaten any Muslim." Bin Laden claimed, in 2004, that the idea of destroying the towers had first occurred to him in 1982, when he witnessed Israel's bombardment of high-rise apartment buildings during the 1982 Lebanon War. into a broader war against the Islamic world in the hope of motivating more allies to support al-Qaeda.
Bin Laden used Islamic texts to exhort Muslims to attack Americans until the stated grievances are reversed.
Muslim legal scholars "have throughout Islamic history unanimously agreed that the jihad is an individual duty if the enemy destroys the Muslim countries", according to bin Laden. He said that the attacks were carried out because: Another video obtained by Al Jazeera in September 2006 shows bin Laden with Ramzi bin al-Shibh, as well as two hijackers, Hamza al-Ghamdi and Wail al-Shehri, as they make preparations for the attacks. Mohammed was arrested on March 1, 2003, in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, by Pakistani security officials working with the CIA. hearings at Guantanamo Bay in March 2007, Mohammed again confessed his responsibility for the attacks, stating he "was responsible for the 9/11 operation from A to Z" and that his statement was not made under duress.
The attacks killed 2,996 people, injured over 6,000 others, and caused at least billion in infrastructure and property damage. Two of the planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, were crashed into the North and South towers, respectively, of the World Trade Center complex in New York City.The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, was initially steered toward Washington, D. Many closings, evacuations, and cancellations followed, out of respect or fear of further attacks.C., but crashed into a field in Stonycreek Township near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after its passengers tried to overcome the hijackers. troops in Saudi Arabia, and sanctions against Iraq as motives. The destruction of the World Trade Center and nearby infrastructure caused serious damage to the economy of Lower Manhattan and had a significant effect on global markets, resulting in the closing of Wall Street until September 17 and the civilian airspace in the U. Cleanup of the World Trade Center site was completed in May 2002, and the Pentagon was repaired within a year.In July 2001, Atta met with bin al-Shibh in Spain, where they coordinated details of the plot, including final target selection.
Bin al-Shibh also passed along bin Laden's wish for the attacks to be carried out as soon as possible.
They had specific information about individual terrorists... She was not told of the participants' presence in the U. The CIA gave Gillespie surveillance photos of Mihdhar and Hazmi from the meeting to show to FBI counterterrorism, but did not tell her their significance. that the attack's codename was "The Big Wedding", and that it involved airplanes.